Emergency Surgery

Learning that your pet may need emergency surgery is a stressful thing. You can rest assured you’re your pet is in good hands with the highly trained staff at San Antonio Emergency Pet Clinic.

While certain surgical conditions can be treated medically until you’re able to transfer your pet to your primary care veterinarian, some situations can’t wait overnight; doing so could drastically worsen the outcome and lower your pet’s chance of survival, or at the least increase the risk of complications.

Some of the surgical conditions that should be addressed on an emergency basis may include:

Gastro-Intestinal Obstruction

Intestinal foreign objects, especially linear foreign bodies, can do tremendous damage to the intestinal tract, potentially leading to rupture of the intestine or multiple areas of tears in the intestine. Leakage of intestinal content can lead to serious complications such as peritonitis (infection in the abdomen) and sepsis (blood infection) which increase the risk of death associated with intestinal obstruction.

Gastric Dilation-Volvulus (GDV)

GDV is a mechanical obstruction of the stomach caused by rotation of the stomach (and usually spleen) on its axis. This results in bloating of the stomach, which compresses the blood supply to the rear half of the body, causing signs of shock such as rapid heart rate, pale gums, and weak pulses. Left untreated, GDV leads to necrosis (death) of the stomach wall, progressive shock and death of the patient.

Dystocia (Difficulty Birthing)

Prolonged stage 3 labor can result in fetal distress and death of unborn puppies or kittens. It is imperative to assess the unborn pups or kittens for signs of fetal distress such as a change in heart rate, via ultrasound, and determine if a caesarian section is warranted.

Hemoabdomen (Bleeding into the Abdomen)

Hemoabdomen may occur for several reasons, however, when it is secondary to a ruptured splenic tumor, emergency surgery to remove the spleen is necessary to stop a life-threatening hemorrhage.

Urinary Obstruction

Male cats and dogs are most prone to urinary obstruction. When an obstruction is caused by urinary stones, urinary catheterization to flush the stones retrograde into the bladder, followed by surgery to remove the stones, is indicated.